CREATE CUSTOM LISTS
You can create your own word lists in any word processor which can be imported in Latinista.
Below we will explain how to add custom nouns and adjectives to Latinista. It is much harder to add verbs, so we advise you to just copy & paste the verbs from the Ready to use lists to create your own custom list.
To add a word to Latinista, you need a number of arguments / codes / parts. Each of these should be in a seperate column. These arguments are seperated with a dash (-).
The first argument is ‘declension’. Below are examples of words, one of each declension. These words show you what code belongs to what declension. Group is always the first argument that has to be provided.
The second argument is always the nominative singular.
If the group is 23, 31, 32, 33, 34, 72 or 73, then the third argument should be the genitive singular.
The next argument is the country code of the first translation. Even if you intend to provide only one language/translation, it still needs a country code.
The following argument is the translation that belongs to this country code. It is not allowed to contain a dash.
These 4 or 5 arguments (depending on whether the genitive singular has to be provided) are mandatory. From this point on, all the other arguments are optional and the order doesn’t matter.
You can add more languages by providing an additional countrycode and translation. They’re recognised as such since they differ from the other optional arguments below, which have set names. Make sure that each translation is preceded by the corresponding country code.
The gender of many words are determined in Latinista by using set rules*. When a word doesn’t follow these rules, the ‘gender’ argument (m, f, n, m/f, m/f/n) should be provided.
When a word only occurs in plural form, the argument ‘pl’ should be provided. When a word only occurs in singular form, the argument ‘sg’ should be provided.
When the argument ‘ex’ is provided, the app shows that the gender doesn’t follow the set rules; ‘ex.’ is displayed, preceding the gender.
You can also add words that do not follow any standard declension. In this case, you should not provide the arguments ‘declension’, ‘nominative’ and ‘genitive’. Instead you provide every single case, seperated by a comma (no spaces). If certain cases don’t exist for a word, you type an ‘x’ for that case. These will not be asked by Latinista.
Examples mandatory arguments:
Examples with optional arguments:
Example with no standard declension:
*gender rules in Latinista:
declension 1: F
declension 2: -us: M; -um: N
declension 3: -s, -o, -x: F; -er, -or, -os: M; -l,-a, -c, -e, -n, t, -ar, -ur, -us: N
declension 4: M
declension 5: F
Click here for a template in Google Spreadsheets